Fights, or often called brawl, frequent among students. In fact it is "only" between high school students,
but also has already hit up to the campuses. Some say that fighting is normal in
In big cities like Jakarta, Surabaya, and Medan, the brawl is often the case. Data in Jakarta for example (Bimmas
Police Metro Jaya), in 1992 recorded 157 cases of student fights. Year 1994 increased to 183 cases with
killing 10 students, in 1995 there were 194 cases with the victim died 13 students and 2 community members
other. In 1998 there are 230 cases that killed 15 students and 2 members of the Police, and the following year casualties
increased with 37 people killed. Seen from year to year the number of fights and the victims tend to increase.
Even the often recorded in a single day there are up to three fights in three places at once.
Impact of student fights
It is clear that this student fights hurt many parties. There are at least four categories of negative impacts from
Student fights. First, students (and families) involved fights itself clearly having a negative impact
first when injured or even killed.Second, damage to public facilities such as buses, bus stops and facilities
others, as well as private facilities such as glass shops and vehicles. Third, disruption of the learning process at school. Finally,
is perhaps the most feared of educators, student awards were reduced to tolerance,
peace and values of other people's lives. Students learned that violence is the most effective way to
solve their problems, and therefore choose to do anything for the goal is reached. Consequences
This last obviously has long term consequences to the viability of a society in Indonesia.
Overview of the causes of student brawl
Often alleged, students who fight came from vocational schools, come from families with economic
weak. Data in Jakarta do not support this. Of the 275 schools which often involved fights, 77 of whom are
high school. So is the economic level, which indicates there are some students who often
capable of fighting comes from a family economically. More charges are also often addressed to the school were deemed
less provide religious education and good morals. So did the family said to be less harmonious
and often not at home.
Though the causes of student fights are not that simple. Especially in large cities, the problem in such a
complex, including factors sociological, cultural, psychological, and educational policy in the broad sense (solid curriculum
for example), as well as other public policies such as public transportation and city planning.
Psychologically, a fight involving a teenage student is classified as a form of delinquency
adolescent (juvenile deliquency). Juvenile delinquency, in terms of fights, can be classified into 2 types of delinquency
the situational and systematic. In situational delinquency, fights occur because of the situation
"Require" them to fight. The requirement that usually arises due to the need to solve
problems quickly. While the delinquency of systematic, the teens involved in the fight
a particular organization or a gang. Here there are rules, norms and habits that should be followed by its members,
including fighting. As a member, if they are proud to do what is expected by the group.
Review the causes of adolescent psychology students getting into fights
In the view of psychology, each behavior is an interaction between the tendencies within the individual (often
called personality, though not always accurate) and external conditions. Similarly, in terms of student fights. When
described, there are at least 4 psychological factors why a teen student getting into fights.
Internal factors. Teenagers are getting into fights are usually less able to adapt to the environmental situation
complex. Complex here means the diversity of views, cultures, economic levels, and all
stimuli from the environment are increasingly diverse and many. This situation usually raises the pressure on
every person. But the teenagers getting into fights, they are less able to cope, let alone
exploit the situation for his development. They are usually easy to despair, rapid escape from
problem, blame someone / other party in every case, and chose to use the simplest way to
solve the problem. In adolescents who often fought, it was found that they experience inner conflict, it is easy
frustration, have labile emotions, are not sensitive to the feelings of others, and have a low sense of self
strong. They are usually in desperate need of recognition.
Family factors. Households that filled with violence (either between the parents or the child) had an obvious effect
in children. Son, when increased adolescent, learning that violence is a part of himself, so that is something
natural that he too violent. Conversely, parents who are too protect her child, while teenagers will
grow as individuals who are not independent and does not dare to develop a unique identity. So join
with his friends, he will hand over destiny is totally against the group as part of identity
School factors. First school is not viewed as an institution should educate students to be
something. But schools must first be judged by the quality of teaching. Therefore, the school environment
not stimulate students to learn (such as a monotonous atmosphere of the class, the rules that are not relevant to
teaching, lack of lab facilities, etc..) will cause more students to enjoy doing outdoor activities
school with her friends. Only after the issue of education, where teachers most certainly played a role
important. Unfortunately teachers act more as a punishment and implementing rules, as well as authoritarian figures who
actually also use violence (though in different form) in "educating" their students.
Environmental factors. Environment between home and school everyday natural teens, also had an impact
against the emergence of a fight. For example, a narrow home environment and slums, and members of environmental
behaving badly (eg drugs). Similarly, public transportation is often menomor-sekiankan student.
Also urban environment (can the state) that violent. Overall it can stimulate the youth to learn
something from the environment, and then the emotional reaction to the growing support for the emergence of behavior